The Ural Mountains and Caspian Sea separate Asia and Europe. See the list of countries in Europe and their Geography, Climate, Region – Seasons, Capital,Flag, Language and Currency.
GeographyEurope is the sixth biggest continent in size & third largest in population. It is surrounded by way of Mediterranean Sea to the south, Asia to the east, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West.

Europe is a rich landmass and is the centre of the West and Western Social equality. Europe has be situated the homebased too roughly of the Earth’s highest civilizations from Early Greece to the Roman Kingdom.

Area – 3,930,000 square miles Europe

Main Biomes –  temperate forest, grasslands

Chief cities: Moscow, Russia London, United Kingdom St Petersburg, Russia Berlin, Germany Madrid, Spain Rome, Italy Kiev, Ukraine Paris, France Bucharest, Romania Budapest, Hungary

Nearby Water Bodies – Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Bay of Biscay, North Sea, Baltic Sea, Black Sea

Major Rivers and Lakes – Elbe River, Loire River, Lake Geneva, Lake Como, Po River, Rhine River, Volga River, Ladoga Lake, Danube River, Onega Lake

Major Geographical Features – Alps, Ural Mountains, Pyrenees, Carpathian Mountains, North European Plain Apennines, the islands of Great Britain and Ireland, Massif Central plateau Iberian Peninsula.


The weather of Europe differs on or after subtropical to glacial. The Mediterranean climate of the south is dry and warm. The western and north-western parts have a mild, generally humid climate, inclined by the North Atlantic Drift.

In central and eastern Europe the weather is of the most continental-type with cool summertime. In the northeast subarctic and tundra climates are found. All of Europe is focused to the controlling effect of usual westerly breezes from the Atlantic Ocean and, as a result, its microclimates are originating at higher latitudes than alike weathers on other continents.

Region – Seasons

Europe can be divided into seven environmental regions:

Scandinavia – Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark

The British Isles – the United Kingdom and Ireland

W Europe – France, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Monaco

S Europe – Portugal, Spain, Andorra, Italy, Malta, San Marino, and Vatican City

Central Europe – Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary

SE Europe – Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Albania, Macedonia, Romania, Bulgaria, Greece, and the European part of Turkey

E Europe – Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, and the European portion of Russia, and by convention the Transcaucasian countries of Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan

Europe totally in the Northern hemisphere and has four distinct seasons

Spring – March, April, May
Summer – June, July, August
Autumn – September, October, November
Winter – December, January, February


S.No Country Capital Currency Language
1 Aland Islands Mariehamn Euro Swedish
2 Albania Tirana Lek Albanian, Greek
3 Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro Catalan
4 Austria Vienna Euro German
5 Armenia Yerevan Armenian Dram Armenian
6 Belarus Minsk Belarusian Rouble Belarusian, Russian
7 Belgium Brussels Euro Dutch, French
8 Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Convertible Mark Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian
9 Bulgaria Sofia Lev Bulgarian
10 Croatia Zagreb Kuna Croatian
11 Czech Republic Prague Czech Koruna Czech
12 Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus Pound Greek, Turkish
13 Denmark Copenhagen Danish Krone Danish
14 Estonia Tallinn Estonian Kroon Estonian
15 Faroe Islands Torshavn Faroese Krona Faroese, Danish
16 Finland Helsinki Euro Finnish, Swedish
17 France Paris Euro French
18 Germany Berlin Euro German
19 Gibraltar Gibraltar Gibraltar Pound English, Spanish
20 Greece Athens Euro Greek
21 Guernsey Saint Peter Port Guernsey pound English, French
22 Hungary Budapest Forint Hungarian
23 Iceland Reykjavík Icelandic Krona Icelandic
24 Ireland Dublin Euro Irish, English
25 Isle of Man Douglas Manx pound English
26 Italy Rome Euro Italian
27 Jersey Saint Helier Jersey pound Jersey, French
28 Kazakhstan Astana Tenge Kazakh and Russian
29 Latvia Riga Lats Latvian
30 Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss Franc German
31 Lithuania Vilnius Litas Lithuanian
32 Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro Luxembourgish, German, French
33 Macedonia Skopje Macedonian Denar Macedonian, Albanian
34 Malta Valletta Maltese Lira Maltese, English
35 Moldova Chisinatu Moldovan Leu Moldovan
36 Monaco Monaco Euro French
37 Montenegro Podgorica Euro Serbian
38 Netherlands Amsterdam Euro Dutch
39 Norway Oslo Norwegian Krone Norwegian
40 Poland Warsaw Zloty Polish
41 Portugal Lisbon Euro Portuguese
42 Romania Bucharest Leu Romanian
43 Russia Moscow Ruble or Rouble Russian
44 San Marino San Marino Euro Italian
45 Serbia Belgrade Serbian Dinar Serbian
46 Slovakia Bratislava Slovak Crown Slovak
47 Slovenia Ljubljana Euro Slovenian
48 Spain Madrid Euro Spanish
49 Svalbard Longyearbyen Norwegian krone Svalbard
50 Sweden Stockholm Swedish Krona Swedish
51 Switzerland Berne Swiss franc German, French, Italian and Rumantsch
52 Turkey Ankara Turkish Lira Turkish
53 Ukraine Kiev Ukrainian Hryvnia Ukrainian
54 United Kingdom London Pound Sterling English
55 Vatican City Vatican City Euro Latin, Italian
56 Kosovo Pristina Euro Serbian
57 Pridnestrovie (Transnistria) Tiraspol PMR Ruble Moldovan


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