Lake Victoria the second largest fresh water in the world is found here. It is the source of the longest river Nile.Read in detail about the list of all countries in Asia and their Geography, Climate, Region – seasons, Capital,Flag, Language and Currency.Geography

Africa boundaries are from southern half of the Mediterranean Sea. The Atlantic Ocean is to the west and the Indian Ocean is to the SouAfricatheast. Africa bounces fine south of the equator to shield more than 12 million square miles creation Africa the world’s second major landmass. Africa is moreover the world’s second most populated continent.

Area – 11,668,599 square miles

Main Biomes – desert, savanna, rain forest Major cities: Cairo, Egypt Lagos, Nigeria Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo Johannesburg-Ekurhuleni, South Africa Khartoum-Umm Durman, Sudan Alexandria, Egypt Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire Casablanca, Morocco Cape Town, South Africa Durban, South Africa

Nearby Water Bodies – Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Guinea

Major Rivers and Lakes – Nile River, Niger River, Congo River, Zambezi River, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa Major

Geographical Features – Sahara Desert, Mount Kilimanjaro, Madagascar Island, Kalahari Desert, Ethiopian Highlands, Serengeti grasslands, Great Rift Valley, Atlas Mountains, the Sahel and the Horn of Africa.


Obviously, such a big land form has an extensive diversity of weathers:

Tropical rainforest – originate for the most part in the centre of the continent and similarly alongside the eastern coast of Madagascar.

Humid sub-tropical – found in the southwest.

Mediterranean – generally on the northwest coast and in the southeast

Savannah – create to the north and south where it replaces the rain forest.

Steppe – gone from the Equator, to the north and south, the savannah grades.

Desert – slight rain and wide changes among day and night temperatures

Highland – mostly originate in the east, below the Horn of Africa.

Marine – mainly in the southeast.

Regions – Seasons

North Africa lies north of the Sahara and runs along the Mediterranean coast.

West Africa is the quota coarsely west of 10° east longitude, exclusive of Northern Africa and the Maghreb. West Africa covers large slices of the Sahara Desert and the Adamawa Mountains.

East Africa gives from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique, together with Madagascar

Central Africa is the enormous form at the center of Africa which moreover prepares not fall exactly into any extra region.

Southern Africa contains of the share usually south of -10° latitude and the abundant rain forests of Congo.

The seasons are justly well clear in those regions that lie in the northern and southern hemispheres the north and south of Africa.

Northern Africa – spring – March, April, May

Summer – June, July, August

Autumn – September, October, November

Winter – December, January, February

Southern Africa – spring – August, September, October

Summer – November, December, January

Autumn – February, March, April

Winter – May, June, July

The periods of western, central and eastern Africa are fewer calm to express subsequently these areas lie between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.


S.No Country Capital Currency Language
1 Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic, French
2 Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese
3 Benin Porto-Novo 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
4 Botswana Gaborone Pula English, Tswana
5 Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
6 Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc Kirundi, French
7 Cameroon Yaoundé 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French, English
8 Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese, Cape Verdean Crioulo
9 Central African Republic Bangui 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
10 Chad N’Djamena 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French, Arabic
11 Comoros Moroni Comoran franc French, Arabic, Comorian
12 Congo (Democratic) Kinshasa Congolese franc French
13 Congo (Republic) Brazzaville CFA-Franc French, Kituba, Lingala
14 Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
15 Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian franc Arabic, French
16 Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound Arabic
17 Equatorial Guinea Malabo 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
Spanish, French
18 Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Tigrinya, Arabic
19 Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr Amharic
20 Gabon Libreville 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
21 Gambia Banjul Dalasi English
22 Ghana Accra Cedi English
23 Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French
24 Guinea-Bissau Bissau 1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
3. Guinea-Bissau peso
25 Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro CFA-Franc Communauté française d’Afrique French
26 Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling Swahili, English
27 Lesotho Maseru 1. Loti
2. South African rand
28 Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English
29 Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic
30 Madagascar Antananarivo Ariary Malagasy, French
31 Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha Chichewa, English
32 Mali Bamako 1.Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
33 Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya Arabic
34 Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English
35 Mayottet Mamoudzou Euro French
36 Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic
37 Mozambique Maputo Metical Portuguese
38 Namibia Windhoek 1.Namibian dollar
2.South African rand
39 Niger Niamey 1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
40 Nigeria Abuja Naira English
41 Reunion Saint-Denis Euro Frech, Réunion-Creol
42 Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc Kinyarwanda, French, English
43 Saint Helena Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English
44 Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra Portuguese
45 Senegal Dakar 1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
46 Seychelles Victoria Seychelles rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole
47 Sierra Leone Freetown Leone Krio, English
48 Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Somali
49 South Africa Pretoria Rand Afrikaans, English
50 Sudan Khartoum Sudanese dinar Arabic
51 Swaziland Mbabane Lilangeni English, Swazi, Zulu
52 Tanzanias Dodoma Tanzanian shilling Swahili
53 Togo lome 1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
54 Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic
55 Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili
56 Western Sahara El Aaiun Moroccan dirham Arabic
57 Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English
58 Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean dollar English
59 Somaliland Hargeisa Somali shilling Somali



Engage & make your kids learn through colorful worksheets.

Explore Yourself