The Panama Canal separates North America from South America.Read in detail about the list of countries and their capital, flag, currency and languages.


North America is the third largest of the continents. It is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. North America is led by its three major countries: Canada, Mexico, and the United States North America

Area – 9,540,198 square miles

Main Biomes – desert, temperate forest, taiga, grasslands

Major cities – Mexico City, Mexico New York City, USA Los Angeles, USA Chicago, USA Toronto, Canada Houston, USA Ecatepec de Morelos, Mexico Montreal, Canada Philadelphia, USA Guadalajara, Mexico

Nearby Water Bodies – Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico

Major Rivers and Lakes – Lake Winnipeg, Lake Superior, Great Bear Lake, Great Slave Lake, Rio Grande, Yukon River, Lake Erie, Mississippi River, Missouri River, Lake Huron, Lake Michigan, Colorado River

Major Geographical Features – Sierra Madres, Coastal Range, Great Plains, Appalachian Mountains, Canadian Shield, Rocky Mountains, Coastal Plain


The North American continent includes some diverse weathers, however utmost of the continent practises a moderate climate. North America, is characterized by a lack of extremes in temperature and precipitation.

There are distinct summers and winters, but these are not terribly extreme.  Portions of California practice a desert climate, Northern Canada has a glacial climate and approximately of the Californian coast practises a Mediterranean climate.

A maritime climate, found mainly in the Western United States, displays less periodic disparity in temperature than a continental climate, found in the Eastern United States.

Deserts have a habit of to be cold at night and very hot during the day. Some parts of California happen this classification, even though some coastal regions are hush-hush as consuming a Mediterranean climate. This is hot summer droughts and heavy winter rain.

Southern shares of Canada familiarity a temperate climate, but the greatest northern regions know-how a polar climate.

Regions & Seasons

North America can be broadly divided regions

Caribbean and Central America countries




the United States of America


Greenland, Canada and most of the United States lie in the Northern hemisphere and have four distinct seasons

Spring- March, April, May
Summer- June, July, August
Autumn- September, October, November
Winter- December, January, February

Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and southern United States take more constant temperatures all over the year but take a wet season- May to October and a dry season– November to April.


1AnguillaThe ValleyEast Caribbean DollarEnglish
2Antigua and BarbudaSaint John’sEC dollarEnglish
3ArubaOrnamentedAruban guilder/florinDutch, English, Spanish
4BahamasNassauBahamian dollarEnglish
5BarbadosBridgetownBarbadian dollarEnglish
6BelizeBelmopanBelizean dollarEnglish
7BermudaHamiltonCanadian dollarEnglish
8British Virgin IslandsRoad TownUS-DollarEnglish
9CanadaOttawacanadian dollarEnglish, French
10Cayman IslandsGeorge TownCaymanian dollarEnglish
11Clipperton Island EuroFrench
12Costa RicaSan JoseColonSpanish
13CubaHavanaCuban pesoSpanish
14DominicaRoseauEC dollarEnglish
15Dominican RepublicSanto DomingoDominican Republic PesoSpanish
16El SalvadorSan SalvadorUS dollarSpanish
17GreenlandNuukDanish kroneGreenlandic, Danish
18GrenadaSaint George’sEC dollarEnglish
20GuatemalaGuatemala CityQuetzalSpanish
21HaitiPort-au-PrinceGourdeFrench, Haitian Creole
23JamaicaKingstonJamaican dollarEnglish
25MexicoMexico CityMexican pesoSpanish
26MontserratPlymouthEast Caribbean DollarEnglish
27Navassa Island U.S. DollarEnglish
28Netherlands AntillesWillemstadGuilderDutch, English, Papiamento
30PanamaPanama CityBalboaSpanish
31Puerto RicoSan JuanUS DollarSpanish, English
32Saint BarthélemyGustaviaEuroFrench
33Saint Kitts and NevisBasseterreEC dollarEnglish
34Saint LuciaCastriesEC dollarEnglish
35Saint MartinMarigotEuroFrench
36Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint-PierreEuroFrench
37Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesKingstownEC dollarEnglish
38Trinidad and TobagoPort of SpainTrinidad and Tobago dollarEnglish
39Turks and Caicos IslandsCockburn TownUS DollarEnglish
40United StatesWashington, D.C.US dollarEnglish
41United States Virgin IslandsCharlotte AmalieUS dollarEnglish