Lake Victoria the second largest fresh water in the world is found here. It is the source of the longest river Nile.

Read in detail about the list of all countries in Asia and their Geography, Climate, Region – seasons, Capital,Flag, Language and Currency.

Geography

Africa boundaries are from southern half of the Mediterranean Sea. The Atlantic Ocean is to the west and the Indian Ocean is to the Southeast. Africa bounces fine south of the equator to shield moAfricare than 12 million square miles creation Africa the world’s second major landmass. Africa is moreover the world’s second most populated continent.

Area – 11,668,599 square miles   

Main Biomes – desert, savanna, rain forest Major cities: Cairo, Egypt Lagos, Nigeria Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo Johannesburg-Ekurhuleni, South Africa Khartoum-Umm Durman, Sudan Alexandria, Egypt Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire Casablanca, Morocco Cape Town, South Africa Durban, South Africa

Nearby Water Bodies – Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Guinea

Major Rivers and Lakes – Nile River, Niger River, Congo River, Zambezi River, Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika, Lake Nyasa Major

Geographical Features – Sahara Desert, Mount Kilimanjaro, Madagascar Island, Kalahari Desert, Ethiopian Highlands, Serengeti grasslands, Great Rift Valley, Atlas Mountains, the Sahel and the Horn of Africa.

Climate

Obviously, such a big land form has an extensive diversity of weathers:

Tropical rainforest – originate for the most part in the centre of the continent and similarly alongside the eastern coast of Madagascar.

Humid sub-tropical – found in the southwest.

Mediterranean – generally on the northwest coast and in the southeast

Savannah – create to the north and south where it replaces the rain forest.  

Steppe – gone from the Equator, to the north and south, the savannah grades.

Desert – slight rain and wide changes among day and night temperatures

Highland – mostly originate in the east, below the Horn of Africa.

Marine – mainly in the southeast.

Regions – Seasons

North Africa lies north of the Sahara and runs along the Mediterranean coast.

West Africa is the quota coarsely west of 10° east longitude, exclusive of Northern Africa and the Maghreb. West Africa covers large slices of the Sahara Desert and the Adamawa Mountains.

East Africa gives from the Red Sea and the Horn of Africa to Mozambique, together with Madagascar

Central Africa is the enormous form at the center of Africa which moreover prepares not fall exactly into any extra region.

Southern Africa contains of the share usually south of -10° latitude and the abundant rain forests of Congo.

The seasons are justly well clear in those regions that lie in the northern and southern hemispheres the north and south of Africa.

Northern Africa – spring – March, April, May

Summer – June, July, August

Autumn – September, October, November

Winter – December, January, February

Southern Africa – spring – August, September, October

Summer – November, December, January

Autumn – February, March, April

Winter – May, June, July

The periods of western, central and eastern Africa are fewer calm to express subsequently these areas lie between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

 

S.NoCountryCapitalCurrencyLanguage
1AlgeriaAlgiersAlgerian dinarArabic, French
2AngolaLuandaKwanzaPortuguese
3BeninPorto-Novo1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French
4BotswanaGaboronePulaEnglish, Tswana
5Burkina FasoOuagadougou1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French
6BurundiBujumburaBurundi francKirundi, French
7CameroonYaoundé1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French, English
8Cape VerdePraiaCape Verdean escudoPortuguese, Cape Verdean Crioulo
9Central African RepublicBangui1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French
10ChadN’Djamena1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French, Arabic
11ComorosMoroniComoran francFrench, Arabic, Comorian
12Congo (Democratic)KinshasaCongolese francFrench
13Congo (Republic)BrazzavilleCFA-FrancFrench, Kituba, Lingala
14Cote d’IvoireYamoussoukro1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
 
15DjiboutiDjiboutiDjiboutian francArabic, French
16EgyptCairoEgyptian poundArabic
17Equatorial GuineaMalabo1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
Spanish, French
18EritreaAsmaraNakfaTigrinya, Arabic
19EthiopiaAddis AbabaBirrAmharic
20GabonLibreville1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French
21GambiaBanjulDalasiEnglish
22GhanaAccraCediEnglish
23GuineaConakryGuinean francFrench
24Guinea-BissauBissau1. Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
3. Guinea-Bissau peso
Portuguese
25Ivory CoastYamoussoukroCFA-Franc Communauté française d’AfriqueFrench
26KenyaNairobiKenyan shillingSwahili, English
27LesothoMaseru1. Loti
2. South African rand
Sesotho
28LiberiaMonroviaLiberian dollarEnglish
29LibyaTripoliLibyan dinarArabic
30MadagascarAntananarivoAriaryMalagasy, French
31MalawiLilongweMalawian kwachaChichewa, English
32MaliBamako1.Communaute Financiere
2. Africaine franc
French
33MauritaniaNouakchottOuguiyaArabic
34MauritiusPort LouisMauritian rupeeEnglish
35MayottetMamoudzouEuroFrench
36MoroccoRabatMoroccan dirhamArabic
37MozambiqueMaputoMeticalPortuguese
38NamibiaWindhoek1.Namibian dollar
2.South African rand
English
39NigerNiamey1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
French
40NigeriaAbujaNairaEnglish
41ReunionSaint-DenisEuroFrech, Réunion-Creol
42RwandaKigaliRwandan francKinyarwanda, French, English
43Saint HelenaJamestownSaint Helenian poundEnglish
44Sao Tome and PrincipeSao TomeDobraPortuguese
45SenegalDakar1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
French
46SeychellesVictoriaSeychelles rupeeEnglish, French, Seychellois Creole
47Sierra LeoneFreetownLeoneKrio, English
48SomaliaMogadishuSomali shillingSomali
49South AfricaPretoriaRandAfrikaans, English
50SudanKhartoumSudanese dinarArabic
51SwazilandMbabaneLilangeniEnglish, Swazi, Zulu
52TanzaniasDodomaTanzanian shillingSwahili
53Togolome1.Communaute Financiere
2.Africaine franc
French
54TunisiaTunisTunisian dinarArabic
55UgandaKampalaUgandan shillingEnglish, Swahili
56Western SaharaEl AaiunMoroccan dirhamArabic
57ZambiaLusakaZambian kwachaEnglish
58ZimbabweHarareZimbabwean dollarEnglish
59SomalilandHargeisaSomali shillingSomali